Sata, or Grilled fish & coconut in banana leaves, or Admit it, you’ve always wanted to put fish in a blender.

A friend in the market for a new computer e-mailed to inquire about technical specifications on SATA hard drives and new types of RAM. I did some research and sent her my findings along with this fact: “According to Wikipedia, SATA is ‘a traditional dish from the Malaysian state of Terengganu, consisting of spiced fish meat wrapped in banana leaves and cooked on a grill.'” While this information did nothing to help her choose a new computer we both agreed that 1) it sounded delicious, 2) I should make it as soon as possible, and 3) I had to blog about it because 4) nothing could be more geeky than making a food because it has the same name as a type of hard drive.

“Now I just need a recipe, some fish, seasonings, banana leaves, and a grill,” I wrote. “How hard could it be? I mean, Terengganuans do it all the time, right?” Well aside from my one advantage (tradition wouldn’t keep me from using a food processor instead of pounding the fish), it was hard for at least five reasons.

Sata1) Google was supposed to gush a waterfall of recipes in English. It didn’t. Fortunately, Malaysian food blog masak-masak provided a great recipe along with some background on this popular regional street food. Please visit her post on sata.

2) Banana trees do not conveniently drop their leaves all over Illinois for your sata. My Asian grocer sold me a package of frozen banana leaves that Terengganuans would likely mock me for using were I not positive that my Terengganuan readership is very low.

3) Illinois is not surrounded by fertile seas yielding fresh mackerel. If sata featured corn wrapped in banana leaves and grilled I would have been so set. Mackerel is so perishable that it never appears in my town. Even frozen mackerel requires a special trek to Chicago. As it turned out, my local fishmonger special ordered five pounds of fresh mackerel just for me. I didn’t know I could do that. Sata taught me something!

Sata on the grill4) Turmeric leaf? Turmeric leaf? I didn’t even try. Finding fresh turmeric is nearly impossible; finding turmeric leaf requires a genie. No way I was driving three hours to Chicago to comb Malaysian neighborhoods and Devon Avenue in search of a leaf. If I ever find fresh turmeric I will plant it and hope for leaves. Until then, I’m sorry Terengganu, but there will be no turmeric leaf in my sata.

5) When I ordered my mackerel it was a balmy 65 degrees. By the time I made the sata yesterday the temperature dropped to 30 with a wind chill of 8. I tried to go for a walk and turned back when I couldn’t feel my face. Do Terengganuans risk frostbite for sata? Probably not.

Bit of sataYet somehow I did it, I made sata. I chose to go with the square packets pictured in this Malaysia Best article instead of cones so that the fish would cook more evenly, the folding would be easier, and I wouldn’t have to skewer anything. While sticks do make food more fun I felt I’d already expended an awful lot of effort on this project. Pureeing the raw fish, a new experience, encouraged me to consider the merits of vegetarianism. That stopped when the coconutty charred banana fragrance hit my nose and the spicy chilies did their usual tongue dance. Sata is good! I’m sure it can’t compare to the local treat but it delighted me nonetheless. I hope to find a turmeric leaf so that I can make it properly one day.

My friend: “This could be a whole series for you. Next you could try cooking a ram.”

Me: “Please don’t plant ideas in my head.”

Hmm. Roasted ram…

Adapted from masak-masak
Makes about 8 packets

Despite the title of this post I don’t recommend a blender for this very thick mixture, but if that’s all you have, go for it. A food processor will make life much easier. I left the skin on because that’s where most of the precious omega-3 fatty acids are; you really don’t notice the skin once it’s blended and grilled. If you choose to go skinless, weigh the fish without the skin. There are high mercury level warnings on king mackerel so I would avoid that variety in favor of the more common smaller varieties. The folding instructions are neither rocket science nor set in stone; consider them guidance.

· Banana leaves, thawed if frozen
· 5 shallots
· 2 cloves garlic
· 1 1-inch chunk of ginger (I don’t bother peeling it)
· 1 turmeric leaf (if you can find/grow it)
· 1 1/2 teaspoons Kosher or sea salt (less if using table salt)
· 1 teaspoon or more sugar (optional)
· 1 teaspoon or more ground chilies
· 1 pound (450g) cleaned, boned, beheaded mackerel, chopped into 2-inch pieces
· 1 packed cup (150g) grated coconut (not desiccated or sweetened), fresh or thawed frozen
· 2 small red chilies (more if you like it hot), sliced

1) Preheat your grill to medium. Rinse your banana leaves well; you don’t know where they’ve been. Cut out about 8 rectangles roughly 8 by 10 inches. If your leaves are smaller or larger you can make smaller or larger parcels, don’t worry about it. Set aside.

2) Roughly chop the shallots, garlic, ginger, and turmeric leaf and pulse in a food processor along with the salt, sugar, and ground chilies. Pulse until the ingredients are minced and no chunks remain.

3) Add the fish and process until meat is almost completely pureed. Add coconut and process until mixture is well mixed and pasty, scraping sides as needed.

4) Lay down a banana leaf rectangle. Patch any cracks by laying spare strips of banana leaf over them. Using a disher or a half-cup measure, put about 1/2 cup of the fish mixture in the center of the leaf. Scatter on as many sliced chilies as you’d like (see picture 2 below). Fold one long side over the mixture, then fold the other side to overlap it like a folded business letter (see picture 3 below). Fold the remaining sides in a similar fashion to make a slightly rectangle packet (see picture 4 below; also see * note below). Gently squash the packet to distribute the fish mixture evenly. Set aside folded side down. Repeat with the rest of the leaves. You should have eight packets, more or less.

5) Brush packets with a little oil or spray them with cooking spray (optional, but I liked the insurance). Grill folded side down over a medium heat for 5-7 minutes. Flip and grill 5-7 minutes more. Leaves may open up a bit. The fat in the fish and the coconut will keep the mixture moist so err on the side of overdone rather than underdone. Eat hot. Sprinkle filling with salt before eating if it needs it. Leftovers reheat in the microwave very well in their convenient packets.

Frozen banana leaves Mound of fish mixture

First folds Finished packet

* This method produces a packet with many leaf layers on top and only one leaf layer on the bottom. That allows the grill flavor to penetrate the cracks in the banana leaf and in some case through holes that form, hence you see some browning on the filling in the very first picture above. That was an accidental but happy discovery. If you’d prefer a more evenly steamed fish like in the third picture above, flip the packet over before making the second and final pair of folds in order to protect each side of the packet with at least two layers of leaf.


bullet Sata links
More on sata from Di Bawah Rang Ikang Kering.
Interesting long parcel style pictured here.

13 thoughts on “Sata, or Grilled fish & coconut in banana leaves, or Admit it, you’ve always wanted to put fish in a blender.

  1. Wow. That’s insane! Putting raw fish in a food processor! I can’t imagine what that would be like. Although I have had salmon paté before…I wonder if it’s the same texture.
    Next time I see mackerel, I’ll have to try this.

  2. I was just thinking Malaysian fish pate cooked in banana leaves. I ran across tumeric leaves the other day during my food shopping excursion, I wondered to myself what kinds of dishes they were used for. Now, I know.

    Umm…how do you gently squash something?? When I think squash, I think SQUASH!!! Oh wait…that would be smash.

  3. Erielle: The texture is very soft but still firm, not spreadable. Please let me know if you find turmeric leaves.

    Hye: Where did you find the leaves, if you don’t my asking? Maybe I should have said squish, heh.

  4. This sounds really good- but even frozen banana leaves are in short supply here in S. Central PA- I’ll have to wait until I go to St. Louis or Philadelphia to shop at a big Asian market.

    BTW- my ex-foreign exchange student EunJee and her friend HyeJin are here visiting over thier school Easter break, and they cooked us Korean food last night. Very nice for girls who say they can’t cook, AND instead of pajaen, they made kimcheejaen, which has become my most favorite.


  5. Nyonyas have a similar dish called otak-otak, but the result is a salmony-pink paste instead of white. It’s lovely too!

  6. Anne – I live in Montreal. There is a little Asian grocery store about a block from my apartment building and I can find just about everything there. They have several spice sections and that’s where I ran across the tumeric leaves. In fact, when I first saw them, I thought they were mis-labeled bay leaves because that’s what they look like. I always thought tumeric was a powder. When I read your post then, I realized it wasn’t a mis-label. The grocery store owners are Vietnamese but, our little neighborhood has many different Asian ethnicities and I see all their influences in the grocery store. Thank goodness that Asian cooking has a lot of crossover. Luckily for me, there are two outstanding Korean grocery stores near me just a subway ride away!

  7. You put your foot right down Annie! Fresh turmeric? Whoever heard of such rubbish!

    This looks fabulous and believe it or not, I have just purchased some frozen banana leaves from an Asian store to make an Indian version of fish cocooned in mustard and chillies.

    Great minds…

  8. Willa: I found that there were a lot of banana leaves in one package, so they’re quite economical when you find them. Yay for Korean food!

    Tommy: Otak-otak sounds fantastic! Maybe I’ll try to make that too.

    Hye Chong: Thanks for the reply. I’m glad to know it’s not as impossible to find as I thought! I may have to inquire at a Vietnamese restaurant.

    Mallika: The Indian version sounds fabulous! But I say that about any food in Indian version, lol.

  9. I’ve had it and it’s good. But be careful not to have bits of the burnt banana leaf stuck in your throat. It’ll remain there for days, as I found out *cough*

  10. Hye, where are those Korean groceries in Montreal? I’ve been trying to locate some myself…

  11. i’m interested this topic.. ectually i looking for historical of sata.
    can u help me to find it>

  12. juAn: I don’t know much about sata except what I learned in the links above. Good luck in your research!

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